Wissenschaftliche Grundlagen
Harold Jeffreys, "The Earth". © W. Lenhardt

Geophysics is a mathematical-physical science. It describes the characteristics and the state of the Earth as well as its dynamic changes using mathematical and physical methods. By using measurements of geophysical fields at the Earth’s surface (a function of time and space) combined with field theory, data can be inverted to create physical parameter models of the Earth’s inaccessible interior. Geophysical research is only possible on an interdisciplinary basis. The interpretation of the data into physically meaningful information makes use of the neighbouring disciplines geology, mineralogy and geochemistry. A very close connection also exists to related sciences such as astronomy, physical geodesy, hydrology, meteorology and oceanography.