Seismic tunnel at Conrad Observatorium. © ZAMG

An understanding of the processes inside the Earth can be gained through observations of the planet and its magnetic field. These processes can be understood fully by continuously investigating the underlying mechanisms. Basic research not only allows the planet’s future developments to be deduced, but also to understand their background. Geophysics employs all available methods of physics and mathematics for this purpose. It allows short-term processes to be distinguished from long-term processes and measures can be taken which reduce the risk of natural hazards. This allows realistic illustrations of earthquake hazards as well as showing up short- and long-term changes to the magnetic and gravitational field of the Earth, which directly affect the path of satellites. Geophysics also contributes to improving the methods used in the detection of natural resources and raw material reservoirs, such as oil and gas.